The Trump Therapy: Inside the confusion, ingratitude and the danger of Western Liberals

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Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni. Photo: Forbes.com

BY YOWERI KAGUTA MUSEVENI

President of the Republic of Uganda

 

I have been either closely following or actively involved in World and African political events for the last 56 years.  In those 56 years, I have noticed many happenings, behaviours, etc.

One of the groups that I have observed with interest are the Western “Liberals”,“Leftists”, etc.  In particular, I have noticed the confusion, ingratitude and, therefore, danger of these groups.

Liberals are supposed to be people who are not conservative and hardliners in economic, political and social issues.  Leftists are supposed to be progressive as far as the same issues are concerned. In order to keep this piece brief, I will not go into the history and details of Western Liberalism and Leftism.  That should be for another day.

Suffice it to say that the freedom fighters from Africa, who have been fighting colonialism, neo-colonialism, slave trade and marginalization for the last 500 years, would have counted the Westerns Liberals and Leftists among our automatic allies because these should be people that should be fighting for freedom and justice for all peoples, including the formerly Colonized Peoples.

 

Instead, we notice confusion, ingratitude and, therefore, danger from these liberals and leftists.  Let us start with the confusion.

During the US campaign, I noticed President Trump using the words: “convergence rather than divergence”, while handling international affairs.  That is exactly what the Western Liberals and Leftists should have been looking for.  Instead, we would spend endless hours arguing with the Western Liberals on matters on which we cannot have convergence bearing in mind that our societies were still pre-capitalist and traditional while theirs have been industrial for centuries now.

These are issues to do with family, forms of democracy, homo-sexuals, central planning versus economic liberalisation, etc. One had to control irritation to politely get through these meetings.

Yet matters of convergence were there and uncontested: fighting extremism and terrorism (narrow-mindedness and indiscriminate use of violence); modern education in natural sciences and social sciences; the emancipation of women; trade; democracy; etc.

This is what, in brief, I regard as the confusion of the Western Liberals and Leftists.  I do not want to say much on this because I want to get to the next two points and space is limited.

Nevertheless, by the Western Liberals trying to impose all their views and values on everybody in the World, they generate not convergence but divergence and even conflict. Owing to the confusion of these actors, it leads them to two other mistakes: ingratitude and, therefore, a danger to peace in the World.

As colonized Peoples, the Africans were greatly assisted by two earth-shaking events in the last century: the October Communist Revolution of 1917 in the Soviet Union (Russia) and the Victory of the Communists in China in 1949.

 

You should remember that by 1900, the whole of Africa had been colonized except for Ethiopia which Musolini would soon add on the list (in 1935).  Colonized by whom?  By the Western Countries (Britain, France, Portugal, Germany and Spain).  

 

The Communists, on the other hand, in both Russia and China, were totally opposed to Western Imperialism and were for de-colonization.  They opposed Imperialism by word and action (support for the Liberation Movements).

The greed and flawed logic of the Western Imperialists soon led to two World Wars (the 1st and the second ─ 1914–18 and 1939 – 45).  How? In 1453, the Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople (Istanbul) and, therefore, blocked the overland trade route opened by Marco-Polo in the years 1272 – 1275.  The trade was mainly in silk and spices – very much in demand in Europe at that time. Now, the Ottoman Turks cut off this route.

The Europeans had, therefore, to look for sea routes either around the massive African Continent or through the unknown Western Oceans ─ the Atlantic and the Pacific.  Frantic efforts by Western rulers to go by sea around Africa and over the Western Oceans, were soon rewarded.

Vasco de Gama

Vasco de Gama. During his voyage to India, Vasco de Gama landed at Malindi, on the coast of what became Kenya. Here, early in 1498, he managed to obtain a pilot to guide his fleet across the sea to his goal – the trading port of Calicut. Original artwork

In 1492, Christopher Columbus landed in Cuba, discovering for the Europeans a new continent occupied by the American Indians.  This new continent was North and South America.  In 1498, Vasco Da Gama went around the Cape of Good Hope and spent the Christmas day at Natal.

These two events should have been very beneficial to humanity if it was not for two weaknesses: the greed of the Europeans and the bankruptcy of the African Chiefs as well as the under-development of the indigenous Peoples of the Americans.

The bankrupt African Chiefs would not organize us to resist slave trade and colonialism.  In fact, many of them actually assisted both. Especially for Africa, both slave trade and colonialism would not have been possible, if it was not for the collaboration and bankruptcy of the African Chiefs.

Owing to the social under-development of the Indigenous Americans (the American Indians), they were exterminated by “the Christians” from Europe, using war and disease.

It is an amazing miracle of God when I go to the UN and see the very American – Indian face of Evo Morales, the President of Bolivia. So, some American – Indians survived in sufficient numbers to generate a President from among themselves!!  How great God is even in the face of evil!!  I have never had a chance to talk to him.

What language do these Indians speak?   Do they still speak their indigenous languages?

Therefore, in the four centuries between Columbus landing in Cuba and 1900, three most terrible things had happened to the non-European children of God: the indigenous People of the Americas had been exterminated and their land had been taken over by “the Christian” Europeans; millions of Africans had been up-rooted, taken into slavery in the Americas or perished in the process; and the whole of Africa (except for Ethiopia) and much of Asia had been colonized by European Countries (Britain, France, Spain, Holland, Portugal, etc.).

The Europeans had polluted the efforts of the explorers that were looking for the sea routes to the East.  Unlike Marco Polo who opened a trade route to the East for the flow of silk and spices, the Europeans now unleashed conquest, slave trade and even extermination on the People of the three continents: Africa, Asia and the Americas.

Nevertheless, the Colonized Peoples, initially betrayed by their bankrupt chiefs, were beginning to organize themselves.  The ANC of South Africa was, indeed, founded in 1912.  I attended their Centenary celebrations in Bloemfontein in 2012.

In the USA, by around 1905, people like Du Bois, later on joined by George Padmore, started agitating for Pan-Africanist ideas.  It is this re-invigorated resistance by the African and other colonized peoples that formed the first pillar of our ability to regain our freedom. Indeed, Mahtma Ghandi was also in South Africa as a young lawyer when this awakening was taking place.

It is at this stage that the 2nd pillar of our freedom took shape: the sparking of the inter-imperialist war of 1914-1918.  What were these imperialists fighting for?

They were fighting over us ─ we the Colonized Peoples ─ the property of the imperialists. The Germanic tribes inhabiting the forests of Northern Europe, had defied the Roman Empire and contributed to its decline and collapse in 450 AD.

By 1870, these tribes were still governed under 39 Kingdoms, Principalities etc.  On account of the growing Junker pressure in one of the Kingdoms, Prussia, a war took place between Prussia and France in 1870.

France was defeated by Bismarck and the German Kingdoms were united.  A United Germany now cried foul on account of being “cheated” by the other European countries in the enterprise of having “Colonial possessions” – i.e. us.

Germany demanded a “fairer” redivision of the World Colonies. That is how Bismark organized the Congress of Berlin in 1884 – 85 to solve this “problem” ─ the problem of being “cheated” as far as we the “possessions” were concerned.  That is how Germany now joined the League of the Imperialists by being awarded: Tanganyika, Rwanda, Burundi, Cameroon, Namibia, Togo, etc.

It seems, however, that Germany was not happy with the redivision. That is how, eventually, the 1st World War broke out in 1914. The results of the 1st World War did not please Germany and Germany, now under Hitler, started the 2ndWorld War.

The good thing was that the Imperialist Countries had been so weakened by their criminal wars, that the anti-colonial movement grew in strength.

The Imperialists tried to re-establish control, but they were defeated in Indonesia, Indo-China, Kenya etc.  This, therefore, was the second pillar that enabled our emancipation.

The third pillar was the emergence of Communists in the Soviet Union in 1917 and in China in 1949.  These groups were anti-capitalist but also anti-colonialist.

To the advantage of the Colonized Peoples, a big anti-imperialist camp had emerged by 1950.  They opposed imperialism morally and also gave material support to the liberation Movements.

Genuine freedom fighters in Africa can, therefore, never forget this history changing solidarity.  When “Christian” countries from the West were enslaving us, these atheist communists supported our freedom and they never interfere in our affairs even today.

These communists, especially the Soviet Union, did not only support our freedom, they also defended, at a great cost to themselves, the freedom of the imperialist countries themselves.

Although the imperialist countries had intervened in the Soviet Union so as to defeat the new communist power, which efforts had failed between 1918 and 1920, by 1938, the pragmatic Stalin was calling on the West to form an Alliance with him to oppose German aggression.

The Western leaders, on account of their narrow interests and myopia, refused. Soon Hitler attacked Poland and overrun it; he had gobbled up Czechoslovakia in March 1939.  He overran the whole of Western Europe except for Britain and Sweden.

Spain, Portugal and Italy were Hitler’s allies.  Fortunately for the West and for us all, Hitler made the mistake of attacking the Soviet Union on the 22nd of June, 1941. It is the Soviet Union that defeated Hitler after alot of sacrifices with over 60 million people dead etc.

Hitler, had to deploy 195 Army divisions against the Soviet Union compared to only 75 divisions in the West against the Western allies ─ the USA, Britain, France’s De-Gaulle, Canada, Australia, New-Zealand, South Africa, not forgetting the hundreds of thousands of African soldiers fighting for the Colonial Masters.

The Western countries only opened the second front with the landings in Sicily in July 1943.This was after the defeat of the Germans by the Russians at Moscow (1941 – December), Stalingrad (1942-43) and Kursk (July, 1943).

the-battle-of-stalingrad-was-one-of-the-most-important-battles-of-the-second-world-war

The Battle of Stalingrad was one of the most important battles of the Second World War.

It is this Soviet Union, that did not only support the freedom of us, the Colonized Peoples of the World, but saved the whole of humanity by defeating Hitler, that is ever the target of the ungrateful, confused and, therefore, dangerous groups in the West.
These groups were against the Soviet Union after the October Revolution in 1917, throughout the inter-war period (1918 – 1939), during the Cold War and even after the Cold War.  It is unfair, it is wrong and it is dangerous for World Peace.True, the Soviets made their own mistakes.  Why did they occupy Western Europe after the defeat of Hitler?  Would the mighty Red Army not have earned more admiration from the Peoples of the World if they had withdrawn from Eastern Europe in 1946 and left those People’s to shape their own destinies?

They would not have, then, involved themselves in Hungary in 1956, Czechoslovakia in 1968 and there would have been no Berlin Wall.  Why did Brezhnev invade Afghanistan in 1979?  I was part of the massive anti-Soviet demonstration in Dar-es-salaam in 1968 following their invasion of Czechoslovakia.

However, to me, who is not biased, those mistakes neither compare with the mistakes of the West, past and present, nor do they deem the great historic contributions of both the USSR and China to the cause of humanity in general and the African Peoples in particular.

The Soviet Union broke up to the wild acclamation of the groups in the West.  They welcomed the break up but did not bother about the how.  You, therefore, had residual and consequent issues to the break-up.

If the old internal borders of the USSR were now to become the new international borders of Sovereign Countries that were successors to the old Russian Czarist Empire and the USSR, was it not necessary to discuss that phenomenon frankly and fairly?  How about the mixed populations ─ Russian and Non-Russian?  How were they to live thereafter?

No, all that was none of the business of the Western governing circles.  What was crucial was that the “enemy” was down. Moreover, all the positive contributions Russia made to global peace or can make now are of no consequence to these Western circles.

Russia must submit to the dictates of the West.  This is where the danger of these groups comes in.  Russia is a very powerful country even after the break-up of the USSR.  It is (17,021,900 km²) seventeen million square kilometers in land area ─ that is like almost combining the USA and China.

The Communists developed Russian technology and it can develop more.  To think that you can trample on Russia like they have been trampling on other unfortunate Peoples, is to be very reckless and dangerous to World peace.

Yet there are so many issues on which all of us (Africa, the West, Russia, China, India, Brazil, etc.) agree: universal education; improved health; industrialization; freedom of Peoples; the emancipation of women; anti-terrorism; etc.  Why not take advantage of these convergences?

We who were colonized and brutalized by the Western Countries forgot and forgave those mistakes.  Why can’t these countries of the West have a just and balanced attitude to the countries of the East that are growing in capability and getting millions of Peoples out of poverty?

This is where Mr. Trump comes in.  He says: “Why do we not examine the possibility of working with Russia against common threats, such as terrorism?”  The liberals then shout that Mr. Trump must be having a secret agenda with Mr. Putin etc.  This is why we could think of looking into the possibility of talking about the Trump Therapy for strategic myopia and recklessness in the West.

Yahya Jammeh and how not to be a refugee

Source: nbcnews.com

Former Gambian president Yahya Jammeh boards a private jet before departing Banjul into exile

BY ALEX TAREMWA

Last week, Rev Simon Feta, my philosophical friend, invited me to a four-day excursion in the West Nile region.

The trip was meant to give Uganda Christian University students of Bachelor of Governance and International Relations a real life field experience of how bad governance breeds conflict and how international players come together to handle its off-shoots.

After visiting the Rhino Camp Refugee Camp in Arua and Bidi-Bidi Refugee Camp in Yumbe District, it became increasingly obvious that the only way not to be a refugee is not to be African.

In fact, former Sudanese and later South Sudanese Senator, Rev Canon Clement Janda, put it more bluntly when he told the students that “as long as you are Africans, we are all potential refugees.”

As I was still grinding his statement, former president of The Gambia, Yahya Jammeh, proved him right. He went from being president to being a refugee in Equatorial Guinea in a space of just four hours.

If this is your first encounter with the name, let me take a few lines to explain just how powerful Jammeh was. He took over power when he was just 29 years old and ruled the country with an iron fist for another 22 years.

After losing and accepting defeat in a recent election, he made a U-turn, refuted the election results and threatened not to leave power forcing his opponent, a victorious Adam Barrow to take oath in neighbouring Senegal.

Although Jammeh finally bowed to pressure and relinquished power, he left Gambia into exile after emptying state coffers of a whopping $11million (Shs38 billion).

The similarity between Jacob, a 29-year-old refugee from South Sudan and Jammeh, is not that they are both refugees but that they are both victims of poor governance systems in their respective countries.

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Alex Taremwa engaging three-time refugee and former Senator of Sudan and South Sudan Rev Canon Clement Janda. Photo by Ronald Awany

The total number of refugees at the end of 2016 reached 75.3 million that is to say one out of every 85 people on Earth, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Whether in South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi or Syria, only war can account for the massive influx of people from their homes to refugee camps.

Not that conflict represents the absence of a more peaceful and long-lasting solution but rather a mechanism through which governments and those against them across the world strive to maintain and conquer power respectively.

And I have it on good authority that most leaders maintain a tight grip on power not because they enjoy their stay but because they are afraid of prosecution from their opponents when they leave.

In that case, if we shifted political rhetoric from prosecuting corrupt, murderous, long-serving dictators, to forgiving their wrongs and offering them a safe passage to retirement, it would in a way motivate them to peacefully step down and avoid bloodbaths.

The bottom line therefore is that peaceful coexistence and good governance go hand-in-hand. The absence of one automatically translates into the absence of the other, and in that regard, a refugee status cannot be ruled out for anyone.

Alex is the Managing Editor of The Transparent Magazine

WHY LIVERPOOL IS YET TO TURN THE CORNER?

By Herbert Mukuru

liverpool-fc-vs-brisbane-roar-2015

THIS IS ANFIELD: The feel of Liverpool F.C’s home.

Ever had that great feeling of watching your favourite team come to play and you get  sure that  game is in the bag? Hmm, I know exactly how it feels. Am a strong Liverpool FC fan and to most of my friends, they refer to me as too young to be supporting a team that has existed even before my parents were born and besides it does not have anything to show for in the last 10 years apart from that famous Istanbul Night.

Well, let’s agree to disagree. This article is my opinions as a fan who believes his team has lost out on the glory that it had.

THE BEGINNING:

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LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND – JANUARY 19: (THE SUN OUT, THE SUN ON SUNDAY OUT) Luis Suarez of Liverpool celebrates during the Barclays Premier League match between Liverpool and Norwich City at Anfield on January 19, 2013 in Liverpool, England. (Photo by John Powell/Liverpool FC via Getty Images)

Liverpool as a team has never been short of strikers. That’s a fact that has demonstrated its self over the so many eras I have witnessed. Roger Hunt, Ian Rush, Robbie Fowler, Micheal Owen, Fernando Torres, Luis Suarez and now, none.

There are so many strikers who are meant to be on this list plus some who hold much zeal to have been Liverpool material but were too mediocre. The likes of El Hajji Diouf, Andy Caroll, Fabio Borini, (feel in whoever you want) All those names represent one thing, Gamblers.

It baffles me that a team of Liverpool’s glory has failed to replace Suarez for now close to 2years. All we did was to get that 75million pounds and spend it on totally mediocre players. In this common era and Liverpool has no 15 goal and plus striker?

OWNERSHIP:

They say great minds build great teams. For a club I have supported since 1999, it has managed to change ownership from the following to the following.

It is the impact of which era that might stand out i.e. trophies, managers, signings etc. When you look at teams like Chelsea, Spurs, Real Madrid, Manchester United plus others, they have managed to have somewhat permanent ownership which has eventually given the team a much needed boost in the transfer market.

For Liverpool, the George Gillett and Tom Hicks era seemed to have brought some silverware to the front and the current FSG owners have a long way to surely return that success of their predecessors. Ian Ayre seems to be the person who is running the work for them and he has managed to be the string puller of many signings to Liverpool.

MANAGEMENT:

Jurgen-Klopp-is-unveiled-as-Liverpool-FCs-new-manager-at-Anfield

Jurgen Klopp, the new LFC boss.

Do managers make the team? Yes they do. Do players rally behind one another to have a manager sacked? Yes they do, ask Jose Mourinho. Liverpool has changed management in the modern era most times than its rivals Manchester United, Arsenal, Everton.

Chelsea is the other team that has had so many managerial changes. My arguments with management is in the choices made by the owners of a specific era the manager came in. Billy Shankly (Good), Bob Paisley (very Good) King Kenny Daglish part 1 (Good).

Now over to the one’s I saw coach. Gerrard Houlleir (Good), Rafael Benitez (Very good), Roy Hodgson (poor and clueless), King Kenny Daglish part 2 (Average), Brendan Rodgers (Mediocre and lacked experience to win the first English Premier League (EPL) for the club), Jürgen Klopp (To be judged soon).

With the list of all the managers above, it is safe for you to also throw your opinion on the men in the hot seat. Why Liverpool has not yet won a Barclays premier league trophy to this day, I don’t know why?

SIGNINGS:

A whole host of them have been made by the managers above. We as fans sometimes rush to draw conclusions on certain signings but there are those I would like to throw some light on, who again in my opinion are/were not Liverpool material. By Liverpool material I mean, certain pressures are meant to build up if you’re playing for a big club like this one. Andy Caroll buying him for 35million pounds, Rickie Lambert,  Adam Lallana has failed to hit the heights of southampton, Dejan Lovren to me has never lived up to the expectations of playing for Liverpool, Sakho (hmm) he looks solid but so prone to mistakes.

There are many more players I can single out basing on all the times they have played a game for Liverpool, the list is quite endless.

THE 2013/2014 SEASON

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What a spectacular season it was. Brief recap of the 12-13 season ended when we were no.7 and Suarez was found guilty of his desire to outmuscle players.

See the thing about this great talent is the hope, anger, desire and rage he got. Suarez to me lives, eats, breathes football and with the great teammates he was surrounded with,you could see cause for his actions. So the next season kicked off with Daniel Sturridge as the lone striker.

Simon Mignolet, fresh debut and he saved a Jonathan Walters penalty in the dying minutes of that season opener. Liverpool set the ball rolling and we were in for drama in the upcoming games. The following 2 games were won by the same scoreline. Midway through the season Liverpool were tittle chasers and top by Christmas.

You all know the statics of the teams that have been top of the log by December 25, have gone on to win it. Manager Brendan Rodgers didn’t allow that tittle talk to dwell into the minds of his players because we had big fixtures in Chelsea and Manchester City to play just before the year sunk.

By the time these fixtures were played, Liverpool had lost it’s lead on top of the table and they were up against history.

Could Liverpool be the first team top of the table by Christmas and fail to win the tittle? January was a bit of a mixed month for Liverpool because they (players) really needed to discover themselves.

From February, Liverpool went on a winning streak and heavily defeated teams like Arsenal, Spurs, Norwich, Stoke et al.

You see, the beauty about this Liverpool team was that it was not afraid to bang in the goals with it’s formidable partnership SAS. This combination got the best out of all Liverpool squad players because chances were created, assists made and Sterling, Henderson, Glen Johnson, Sakho, Jon Flanagan all played to their best ability.

It was a routine for the fans to wait for the team bus from Anfield road and sing the famous Liverpool songs. Surely the players believed it was their time and they played so much in their minds because some matches were so nervy to watch. We bang in 5 goals and the opposition bangs in 3. That pressure was so intense in that any mistake could sink Liverpool’s tittle hopes.

Over to the game that in my opinion rounded off Liverpool’s season. Liverpool vs Chelsea was billed up for the greatness in the game. SAS VS Oscar, Hazard, Teacher vs Student. This game had it all, it was a given for Liverpool by the ‘legendary’ Jose Mourinho in his previous Champions League game against Atletico Madrid because he lost a number of his first team players to injury.

In fact, his Chelsea side was eliminated from this stage in the champions league. In his press conference, he asserted that he would bring out a weak team to line up against a team which had a full week’s rest. Team sheets were out and indeed for the first time in my life, I believed Jose and did not throw any bunter towards him.

Kick off:

Liverpool in all it’s previous 11 winning streak started strong by having the first say. Chelsea were not to be pushed back. They sat deep and defended and in the modern saying of that time, they packed the ‘BUS’.

Rodgers’ tactics and in this experience demanded for the team to push on and on in a game that needed a draw for you to have one hand on the prestigious trophy that has eluded Liverpool to date.

A misplaced Sakho pass to the back tracking Liverpool Captain Steven Gerrard ensured that Chelsea were 1 up going into half time. Guess you know what that result meant to the table considering the fact that Man city had little weaker opponents to contend.

Chelsea managed another goal when all Liverpool players were caught on the counter and boom, we were staring at the first losers of being top by Christmas and not winning it. Everybody was left shocked and here in Uganda, I cried. I could not believe we just lost it.

The 3-3 Crystal Palace game was not where we lost it, it just played a minor role in us giving up completely because it showed the desire Suarez had to win it with us. He had promised Liverpool that if he got them into the Champions League again, he would be on his way out. That season in a nutshell proved to the world that Liverpool was again a big power house to deal with.

THE AFTERMATH:

Benteke-Henderson-Can-Mignolet-FirminoBarcelona were reported to be interested in signing Luis Suarez. Now remember the seasons before Liverpool were engaged in the Suarez vs. Arsenal transfer battle which was won.

Here we had Barcelona, desiring to add more fire power to its squad and which opportunity Suarez to date some analysts believe was engineered with his world cup bite on Chellini.

Could Liverpool allow their name to be rolled over in a matter of months?Didn’t think so. July 11, 2014, Suarez was a Barcelona player going for 75 million pounds.

Hot deal! Hot money! What would Liverpool do? Reinforce.  Who comes in and who goes out? Rickie Lambert, Dejan Lovren, Lazar Markovic, Adam Lallana, Divock Origi, Mario Ballotelli.

It is important to note that the players that came in were all first starters in their previous teams and surely they were expected to step onto the gas immediately. What they offered was what I could call small team performances because their teams had less exceptions.

Rodgers decided to hang onto these players for most of his matches and I do not even know where most of them are. Surprisingly, we bought most of them expensively and sold them just to cut our losses.

Gerrard the leader of the team was reduced to a bench warmer in a move that angered most fans and to date, I blame Rodgers for forcing him out of Liverpool. There is a reason as to why Andrea Pirlo at that age still played for Juventus (experience).

When he announced that he will be quitting, Liverpool after 27 years of service, I was not surprised at all. How did Rodgers leave Gerrard on the bench for the Real Madrid, Manchester United games? Ridiculous.

For a manager to say he is managing one’s game time and you fail to play one individual in a big game baffles me. When you look at the games that Gerrard did not play, you could see that Rodgers was nothing but a mediocre manager. Liverpool was beyond him now.

Raheem Sterling’s move to a great rival in Man city also left a sour taste in my mouth. All his words were aimed at him getting silverware which Liverpool would not provide under Rodgers even if he was still manager to date. Sterling did not see the reason to play in a team without any one apart from Martin Skrtel and Daniel Sturridge who by the way was already injured.

THE FUTURE:

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Today’s football is based on results and for any manager who doesn’t deliver has been shown the exit. We now leaving in the sack race era and many impatient owners become quite impatient if you cannot deliver.

Rodgers had turned us into quite a small team and the teams we used to put to the sword were giving us a hard time. West Ham, Crystal Palace and many others have continued making Liverpool their boggy team.

The young lads from the academy show great glimpses of a unified Liverpool and if only many can come through and help on push the great Liverpool forward.

Jürgen Klopp has come in and managed few wins from this poor side and I will surely give an opinion about him the coming season after recently assuring the fans plus the press that he holds the rights to the signings he will make.

Rodgers appeared recently on Sky Sports and he said that Liverpool was much involved in the signings and he did not have a final say. Less like he was forced onto some players and overall the players in my opinion were not Liverpool class.

ISSUES TO SOLVE:

  1. Can Liverpool finally land that one wonderful 30 plus striker? Like I said before, we have always had that knack for such a striker. Is the current Forward Benteke one? Not at all.
  2. Will the truth about Daniel Sturridge be revealed. I’m thinking he can be like Robin Van Persie and eventually rise to stardom? What makes me doubt that happening is the fact that his injuries are inherited. Both Father and Uncle suffered similar injuries and had to quit the game early. What does Liverpool do for such a player with such great striking ability?
  3. Will Jürgen Klopp return the lost pride to Anfield? This famous stadium used to be a fortress and when the fans sang You Will Never Walk Alone, it could suddenly send shivers down my spine. Am anticipating for an improved Liverpool at home.
  4. Does Liverpool have a real leader? I ask so because from the times of Hypia, Carragher, Gerrard, you could feel the impact of certain players plus their captain. No disrespect to Jordan Henderson but I feel when Liverpool is playing, it lacks a leader on pitch. Someone with great command. Martin Sktel maybe would have done it for me.

Klopp is the right man for Liverpool but I suggest he gets more time. I wish he could just bring some sort of stability to the team and we eventually move on.

With all the above, I cannot wait for Liverpool to turn the corner with silverware because it is what has been on many fans lips.

The writer is a Liverpool fan at large.

Email him: mukuruh8@gmail.com

You can’t ride a tiger forever. So why can’t the Big Man’s election campaign see that?

By Charles Onyango-Obbo
(Previously posted in The Daily Monitor)

I never expected we would see the level of violence and harassment against President Yoweri Museveni’s opponents that we are witnessing today again.

This is because, it is clear from past elections – and from the outcomes of the less violent 2011 poll – that brutality is a bad election cheating strategy.

There are a few other things that we know, of why historically violence had been seductive for the Museveni camp. As one observer said, in peasant societies, elections are viewed like a wrestling match in the village sand pit.

The one who floors his opponent is celebrated. The most violent campaign in Uganda, therefore, is likely to win by making rivals look weaker and, therefore, unworthy of being entrusted with national stewardship.

What is not clear is the Museveni camp’s end game. This will now be the fourth election in which violence is used to some degree or the other.

One thing is striking though. Every year, apart from FDC’s Kizza Besigye who has become the perennial target of the NRM political and security apparatus, the victims change.

With this election, the country is graduating its fourth class of victims of electoral violence beaten by people working in the president’s name. How does anyone expect that in five or 10 years, or even more, when NRM’s or Museveni’s rule must lose grip, that people who have endured violence for over 30 years will be part of anything but a violent regime change?

This should particularly be concerning, because just like the Walk-to-Work crackdown of 2011, and for this election season, the victims get younger and younger. Thus even if Museveni rules until he is 100 years old in 2044, some of these young people who are being beaten up by police for supporting Opposition politicians or attending their rallies, will only be 48, if they are 19 today.

Does anyone in the President’s palace think about these things? I believe they do. They are not fools. Question then is, why is this allowed to go on?

That is where it gets complicated. The President’s camp is obviously convinced that he would lose an election in which his opponents are able to run freely. We shall never know whether they are right, because that will probably never be tested under NRM rule.

But we know that buying votes, instead, creates less ill will than beating people into submission for it. That the incumbent and the partisan State doesn’t choose that option, isn’t because they don’t want or can’t afford to, but because they no longer have the structures to do it.

You see, if you shoot two Besigye or Amama supporters, you can intimidate a whole district and they will fear to vote against you. If you instead bribed the same two supporters with money, the district will not know.

In fact, if they are men, they will not even tell their wives.
So to buy votes, you need a sophisticated grassroots infrastructure that basically goes door to door. The decline of the Local Councils, and the failure to hold periodic elections, has undermined some of those grassroots things.

But State functionaries and the NRM are still able to put together a cash distribution network. However, vote buying runs into a second problem. Previous Museveni camps were plagued by his campaign team stealing the money.

There were jokes that to get work done, the President had to resort to keeping his campaign funds under the mattress in State House. In short, the old-fashioned vote buying option, even if it causes less enmity, is not available to Museveni because of corruption.

So corruption and creeping State failure, are undermining the patronage logic on which the current NRM rule is based, and making it difficult for it to buy votes.

Now, while you might need a network of 250,000 to distribute “logistics” nationally, if you can’t all you need is just 25 policemen. They can move those 25 men from town to town shooting opposition supporters, and strike enough fear in hearts to win elections.

In the process, Museveni is becoming the prisoner of the tiger. As the old story goes, once you ride it, for it not to bite you, you need to hold on and not fall off its back.
However, your success in holding on, doesn’t pay off in the long-term because the longer you hang on, the angrier the tiger becomes ensuring it will bite you more ferociously when you fall off.

I can’t comprehend that the Big Man’s camp doesn’t see that the current path is absolutely the worst possible way to secure one’s interest in the long-term. Actually, you don’t have to be smart to see that you can’t ride a tiger forever. You only need to be selfish enough.

Mr Onyango-Obbo is editor of Mail & Guardian AFRICA (mgafrica.com). 
Twitter:@cobbo3

Lessons from the Global Entrepreneurship Summit 2015.

By Alex Taremwa

The Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES) recently hosted in Kenya. It was the sixth annual gathering of entrepreneurs at all stages of business development, business leaders, mentors, and high-level government officials, committed to fostering entrepreneurship around the world. I don’t have to mention that H.E Barack Obama, the President of the United States (POTUS), was the co-host alongside President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya but you already know that.

President Barack Obama walking with President Kenyatta through the courtyard at the State House. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)

President Barack Obama walking with President Kenyatta through the courtyard at the State House. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)

The theses of most of the presentations mainly focused on how the youth can realize their potential and be a pivot for the transformation of Africa, through entrepreneurship. This reminded me of a conversation I had with a friend a couple of months ago where I argued that the youths across the African continent have grown in a less innovative society that consumes more than it produces. I added that there is something about the African culture which hinders innovation. This could be a product of our of our education or social culture but I maintain that this trend has to revised.

I am currently reading Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson (a recommendation by my mentor), this amazing biography of a college drop out who went ahead to found one of the world’s most valuable companies, Apple reveals that entrepreneurs are not different people from any of us.

In fact in his presentation, President Obama made it even more elaborate. He said that and I quote that; “Entrepreneurship means ownership and self-determination, as opposed to simply being dependent on somebody else for your livelihood and your future.  Entrepreneurship brings down barriers between communities and cultures and builds bridges that help us take on common challenges together.  Because one thing that entrepreneurs understand is, is that you don’t have to look a certain way, or be of a certain faith, or have a certain last name in order to have a good idea.”

I have been reminded lately by my Sister who was a contestant in the recent Miss Uganda pageant, of how much talent can be a valuable resource to one’s well being. In fact, for the record, talent and a business idea to me are the same.

It is possible that someone who has a talent and watches it waste away can equally let business go down the drain. It is saddening to realize that our classmates or former classmates, workmates or former classmates, colleagues or even ourselves were once good athletes for our high school teams, rappers, singers in church choirs, masters of ceremonies, writers but due to either circumstance or intention have let go of these skills and settled for learning adopting new ones in the hope of a better pay or future.

Although many contemporary theorists have spoken against journalist Malcolm Gladwell’s discovery that it takes someone 10,000 hours to learn a new skill, I know for a fact that people succeed most at what they were gifted to do rather than what they are trained to become and it is this disturbing paradigm of teaching theory and discouraging practice that has rendered most of the youth in Africa less practical and innovative. This is where we need to center our focus if this trajectory is  to continue rising.

It is because of talent that American recording artist of Senegalese origin Akon, managed to pick himself up from the petty crime, the jail terms to running two of the most successful record labels in the United States. Had Akon for example decided not to be a musician, he never would have addressed over 200 global entrepreneurs in the #GES2015 or dinned with the world’s most powerful individuals in Nairobi.

American recording artist, producer and businessman Akon, gestures during his key note address at the Global Entrepreneurship summit Nairobi last week.

American recording artist, producer and businessman Akon, gestures during his key note address at the Global Entrepreneurship summit Nairobi last week.

It takes intuition, love and courage to create a business. It takes even more determination to watch it succeed at doing given the challenges that currently exist in our social culture. Recently, Africa has had a technological explosion of innovation in software engineering, mobile networking, mobile banking, media and publishing, internet based applications that brings in millions of dollars in revenue and foreign direct investment despite the challenges in technological infrastructure, market and export trade.

This could have a  direct relationship with the development prioritization of the sitting African governments that invest billions of dollars in military and warfare related areas leaving Agriculture, ICT, Education and Trade underfunded. I find it rather disturbing for a government to put before anything tax holiday of foreign businesses but suffocate small medium enterprises in the growing and vibrant informal sectors with innumerable taxes as if forcing them die in their infancy stages.

Supporting local enterprise, promoting intra-territory trade and educating entrepreneurs about financial management, discipline and social capital investment will rid the African continent of patronage to the west and the unemployment problem that is currently blowing out of controllable proportion.

alex.taremwa@yahoo.co.uk

Salaries for sitting African presidents

By Africa Review correspondents, Mail & Guardian Africa & World Bank Group.

world01+pix

When Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari recently announced that he and his deputy would take a pay cut, it was not entirely surprising for a man known for his austerity, and who faces a challenge cutting back the excesses in the country’s FINANCES.

But President Buhari is not the first African leader to announce a pay cut. In fact, it is a popular recourse for others trying to shore up their popularity, or facing tough economic times.

In Kenya, President Uhuru Kenyatta and his deputy William Ruto last year announced a voluntary 20 per cent salary cut and invited other top government officials to follow suit. A few did, reluctantly.

In Tunisia, former President Moncef Marzouki, then facing an economic crisis in the post-revolution period, announced a two-thirds pay cut, slicing his annual pay from around $176,868 (Ksh 17m) to ‘just’ $58,956 (Ksh5.8m).

The Africa Review has compiled and analysed salaries of African leaders to try and see what they tell about the relationship between those in power and the governed. The search shows that only a few countries make public what they pay their leaders – a key finding itself that suggests a lack of transparency.

In many African countries, the first thing leaders do when they come into power is to increase their pay: In Egypt, for instance, the president’s pay shot up from a paltry $280 per month, put in place by the austere Mohammed Morsy administration, to $5,900 (Ksh584,000) per month just before General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi predictably won election.

In other countries, leaders take a disproportionate share of the national income for their personal use. In Morocco, the Treasury spends, by one account, $1 million a day on King Mohammed VI’s 12 royal palaces and 30 private residences. That is on top of $7.7 million spent on an entourage of royal automobiles, and a monthly salary of $40,000 (Ksh4m) paid to the monarch.

In 2014, King Mswati of Swaziland increased his personal budget, which includes his salary and the welfare of his extensive family, by 10 per cent to $61 million, a significant chunk of the kingdom’s overall budget. As the royal budget isn’t debated or passed by Parliament, it automatically became law.

Some presidents have deceptively small salaries but have, personally or through family members, massive control over their countries’ resources.

For example, President Eduardo dos Santos has a modest monthly salary of $5,000 (Ksh500,000) but is widely believed to control a lot of the wealth produced from Angola’s oil-industry, and his family members own some of the biggest enterprises in the country.

The Africa Review was unable to establish the official salary for Teodoro Obiang’ Nguema Mbasogo, the long-serving president of the oil-rich Equatorial Guinea, but it probably doesn’t matter.

With vast oil wealth and a population of less than a million, Equatorial Guinea has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world and should be a first-world nation. Instead, most of its wealth ends up in the hands of its notoriously corrupt First Family.

As an example, the US Department of Justice, in an indictment of the younger Teodoro Nguema Obiang’ Mangue, said the first son had spent about $315 million on property and luxury goods between 2004 and 2011, despite his job as a government minister paying less than $100,000 per year.

However, not all African leaders are money-grabbing, power-hungry brutes. In April 2015 Cape Verde President João Carlos Fonseca vetoed – for the fourth time, no less – a Bill that would, among other things, have increased his salary and that of other political officials.

The highest-paid leader, the research could find, is Paul Biya, whose $610,000 (Ksh61m) annual salary is almost three times that of South Africa’s Jacob Zuma, despite the South African economy being 10 times bigger than Cameroon’s.

Rather than simply rank the leaders based on absolute figures, The Africa Review decided to compare their gross annual salaries with the Gross National Income of their countries – basically comparing the leader’s pay with what their nationals, on average, earn.

Unsurprisingly, President Biya comes out on top again, earning 229 times what an average Cameroonian earns, followed by Liberia where President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf earns 113 times what her average citizen does.

Although Somalia’s President Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud makes the top 10 with his annual salary of $120,000 (Ksh12m), the country is excluded from the comparative study due to the lack of verifiable GNI per capita figures.

Overall, it appears that leaders of poor countries tend to pay themselves more than those in higher-income countries.

Robotization; Evidence of the 4th Industrial revolution

By Kiberu Malik

Since the 1700s, the industry has under gone so far 4 major industrial revolutions. These were the 1760 industrial turnover that saw the introduction introduction of water steam powered mechanical manufacturing and development of machine tools and change of wood and other bio-fuel to coal and this resulted into the first steam engine made of iron and fueled primarily by coal in Great Britain.

Then there was another in 1840 known as the techinology revolution it involved introdution of electrically powered mass production. Build of railroads and large scale iron and steel production this revolution rapidly developed in Germany and United States.  A century later in 1950s, industry went through the 3rd revolution which was named as the digital revolution. This involved the change from analog technology to digital techinology. This involved use of electronics and IT to achive using of digital computing this included digital cellular phone, digital format of optical compact disc supplanted analog format such as Vinyl Records and Cassatte tapes.

Subsequently,  this brings me to the 4th Industrial revolution Known as Industry 4.0 and the rise of sopshiscatted human robots. The 4th revolution based on the techinological concept of CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEM known as the internet of things and internet of service. We are currently at the beginning of the 4th industrial revolution and the cyber physcial system.

This is known as the smart factory. In United States the SMART MANIFACTURING LEADERSHIP COALITION (SMLC) started this initiative. The 4th revolution is just starting and its climax will shift the MAN TO MACHINE TO MACHINE TO MACHINE commonly known as M2M process . This involves machines building other machines robots are used to build machines through a network of internts and the vision of industry 4.0 is to bring internet to the lowest level of human beings.

Industry 4.0 is characterised by strong customization of productions under the conditions of high flexibilized mass production. This automation technology is improved by the introduction by the introduction of methods of self optimization, self configuration and self Diagnosis. The current biggest project at this time is the BMBF leading edge.

INDUSTRY 4.0 AND MACHINE TO MACHINE(M2M) refers to technology that allows both wireless and wired system of communication with other device of the same type. However modern M2M communication has expanded beyond one to one and changed into a system of network that tramsmits data to personal appliance. M2M was originally used to automation and instrumentation but now its even used to refer to TELEMATIC application.

Under M2M. The machine are to detect the fault and fix it instantly and it can detect that a wrong is about to happen and prevent it immediately.  In industry 4.0. M2M has a total volume of 300billions dollars at the automation market. Using of the M2M in industry 4.0 will account for 27% of the 3.88 trillion dollars. And a sum of 675bn USD will result from the improvement of assest management.

And 1.5 trillion USD is expected through reduction of all form of waste even the waste of time by embedding M2M communication in the INDUSTRY 4.0.

INDUSTRY 4.0 AND THE NEW PHASE OF ROBOTS AND ROBO-THINGS:

The word robot has a Czech origin it was used in a science fiction play in 1920 where it referred to human clones that were raised to work. In many 2014 MARIEKE BLON CHIEF OF ECONOMIST OF ING BANK stated robot refer to every reduction of human labour with all corresponding digital techinology.

Today Robots are present in large number only in industry. Industry without robots is now almost inconceivable. They do everything covered by the three Ds; Dirty, Dangerous, and Dull work. Robots do it tirelessly and there is no doubt that they work better than human beings.

1961 General motors(US). Deloyed its very first industrial robot the first unimate model weight 1.8tons. More than 50years laters in 2013 almost 162.000 robots were sold worldwide and in 2015 more than 1.5m robots will be in use. Its expected 2013 and 2016 around 95.000 new generation robots will be sold with a total value of 14b USD. At present traditional industrial robots are involved into assistant to human in accordence with the vision of industry 4.0.

Currently RoboEarth is building an internet for robots and via industrial ip advantage. This justies the conclusion that intelligent robots and robothings will soon become a genuire force in society and will cooperate with human this includes self driving cars as swarm bolts. At the need of the 22nd century the 4th revolution will be at its pink however currently at its start with the movies you watch e.g iron man transformers its simply activation of the 4th industrial revolution to the world.

The 4th industrial revolution is one of the agenda of the NEW WORLD ORDER and SUPREMANCY OF MACHINES. Where machines will control the world over humans. The religious believers will interpret the industry 4.0 is one of the things which will cause the end of the world and the human race according to thier religious books like Quran and Bible because these books talk about such a process were the human race will be ended.

The NEW WORLD ODER predicts the coming of the 5th industrial revolution which will involve total replacing of human race with machines were human will be doing absolutely nothing in the industry world and in the 5th revolution USA will be estimated to have 1million army robots with a four structures i.e head,hands,legs and waist to reduce the number of human army soliders.

Poetry: Life Chronicles.

Bearing a difficulty or two may diminish your viewpoint and the style of life one lives however you need to remain yourself, focused and determined to stride to the top of the bumpy mountain. The reason behind this is because you are meant to be a victor. There is no time when God gives you a mission too big for you not to handle without showing you its feeble point.

Life is as tricky as the world its self and the earth with their enormous depressions here and there. Ages are not built but lived and likewise success is not received as manner but built each moment a dream is put into a zealous and realistic experience. Therefore be your real self and labour towards motivating your soul with immense recompense of your sweat, through correcting your faults and building vehement walls of the community around you.

Words and thoughts will never push you farther but with the fanaticism to achieve and practicability of your dreams unveils the fruits at your destination in life. A man that sees no challenge in life has predominantly premature brains to sort bad from good or even retain his simple success. We ought to receive challenges with joy and plan a way through than pilling them under our pillows even by never assuming that they exist. Begin working on a challenge before it works on you because it knows where to faucet. Easily achieved benefits shall always be short lived because they do not teach us a lot on how we have gained them, how we can gain more and uphold the little.

This is a vital reason as to why prosperity does not come on a golden shield. People need not be given but be taught how to get the grain and to embrace any opportunity that comes their way. Avoid stress by hard work and be realistic in life, fine dream big, start small and act quickly is enough for a better head. I will never stop thinking to better this best that I now own. Life is an endless journey with numerous junctions one after the other and how you choose a new route at the junctions, sources pain in your heart or shadows it for good. Keep it a simple life and don’t mind about living partially like I do, remember that is just me.

Roggers Akanyijuka

How Much More? 

It all starts with an evening walk on a cool Wednesday evening. Oh how I love walks! I am never too tired for a walk.

How much more?

Of course there are all sorts of things on this road. A drunken middle aged man, seemingly having a conversation with a friend, who actually is Nobody, a stray dog waging its tail, probably looking for a friend, a dark skinned gentleman with a backpack, perhaps he is from work, three young boys by the roadside, counting every vehicle that passes, all the while shouting, ’Mine! Mine! Mine!’ and, needless to say, dust, especially that it has not rained, or even drizzled in the last few days.

One thing catches my eye, a beautiful –I mean a really beautiful orange-petaled flower, gracefully seated amongst five green sepals, pedestaled on a long green stem. It stood out amidst the green shrubs and tall elephant grasses at the turn of the road. I part the grass and shrub and gently pick this beauty, doing my best not to harm her. I hold her in my hands, stare at her in admiration, and a bit jealousy. I go on walking-at least I have a new walk mate☺.

As we walk on, I am reminded of the scripture in Matt.6:28 about the lilies that our father dresses, such that King Solomon, in all his splendor was not arrayed like any of them. Yet they are here today and thrown in the fire tomorrow. And he tells me not to worry, because He takes care of me. I ponder, ‘How much more!’

At that very instant, I am reminded of Psalm 139, one of my favorites in this greatest love letter ever written-the Bible. Straight to Verses 13 through 17, how He intricately knit me in my mother’s womb, how his eyes saw my unformed body, how He created me fearfully and wonderfully. ‘How Much More!’

My mind runs to Luke 12:7, a sweet reminder that He knows the number of hairs on my head, am so much more valuable than a multitude of sparrows! I imagine that when one hair falls out, my Father says,’ Hair No. 13785 has fallen out, we’ve got to replace it lest it Princess Ruthie goes bald.’ ☺

As I reflectively churned these thoughts in my mind, I found myself thinking out loud, ‘How Much More!’

As I entered my place of abode, I was a different lady. I had a big smile on my face which was a simple expression of the joy in my heart, my mind was renewed with the reminder that God, our Father, the King of Kings, The Alpha and Omega, the creator of Heaven and Earth, He that upholds the sky, yet still, my best of friends loves me that much and cares about me more than I can ever imagine. I still exclaim, ‘How Much More!’

The murder of state prosecutor Joan Magezi through another lense

Veteran Journalist Timothy Kalyegira. FACEBOOK PHOTO

Veteran Journalist Timothy Kalyegira. FACEBOOK PHOTO

On Monday March 30, 2015, just after 7:00 p.m, the Senior Principal State Attorney Joan Kagezi was shot dead by unknown gunmen trailing her on a motorcycle at Kiwatule in Kampala while driving her children home from school. The children were unharmed.

It was an incident that shocked the country and several hours later, was the lead story in the BBC World News bulletin, ahead of such major stories as the negotiations in Switzerland over Iran’s nuclear programme and the latest findings in the German Wings suicide plane tragedy.

The Uganda police immediately jumped to the conclusion that this was a murder linked to Kagezi’s prosecution of high profile terrorism cases.

The Ugandan media jumped to the conclusion that this was a murder linked to her prosecution of high profile terrorism cases.

The international media like the BBC and Radio France and other international broadcasters also jumped to the conclusion that this was probably linked to her prosecution of high profile terrorism cases.

Social media, of course, also had to jump to the same conclusion although a few lone voices raised a number of questions.

The more educated we become and the more digital gadgets we own, the less able to think we get.

There had been a build up for several days of warnings by the police about an impending terror attack on Uganda by Al-Shabaab. The message was repeated day after day. Then Mrs. Kagezi’s murder happened.

Perhaps the books we need to start buying and reading more are those on the history and workings of intelligence agencies like the CIA, Mossad and MI6. Then at last will Ugandans start really thinking critically.

We need such books much more urgently than we need books on management, accounting, “Rich Dad, Poor Dad” or university textbooks.

A Ugandan social commentator, Drew Ddembe, wrote this on his Facebook wall on March 31, 2015, which is the level of analysis at which the Ugandan media and foreign media should have been reasoning:

“[It’s] too early to say why this lady was gunned down in front of her family. The immediate conclusion is that its related to the 7/11 [July 11, 2010] trial in which 70 people were killed in a Kampala bombing widely believed to have been master minded by Al-Shabaab.

But this may not be true. Quite frankly [it’s] too early to say and any conclusions really are speculation. one has got to keep an open mind till there is more information. I for one would be a lot more interested in which other cases she may have prosecuted in the past as well as her personal life. But in Uganda we love to jump to conclusions and run with them in effect sometimes inadvertently masking the real killers.

The modus operandi reminds one of Dr [Aggrey] Kiyingi’s wife’s death [in 2005]. She too [Robinah Kasirye Kiyingi] was a lawyer who was apparently about to release a report that was important enough for some people to get killed.

There are a few interesting things that one is struck by immediately:

  • One is that [Joan Kagezi] was transferred to hospital in a police pickup and not an ambulance.
  • That not only was [police CID director] Grace Akullo at the scene during the shooting but [Inspector-General of Police General Kale] Kayihura himself was at the scene within minutes! Almost like they were lurking around the corner.”

This last observation by Ddembe should attract the attention of the public the most, especially the final sentence.

Timothy Kalyegira is a Ugandan Veteran Journalist and currently the Editor of the Kampala Express, a Facebook Photo Newspaper.